At present, one often has to resort to forced zoning of an apartment or a house. There is a large number of design solutions to visually increase the space of the premises. Due to the rapidly developing construction industry, architects and designers often use glass to achieve their goals. The glass partition is a popular modern way to organize space.
Interior glass partitions : characteristics of the material, types of structures
Glass partitions for zoning space take up little space, but at the same time visually increase the area of the room. Due to special processing, the glass used for the partition is reliable and safe. To create blocks, tempered glass or triplex is most often used. In the first case, the sheets are heat treated in a special furnace. Triplex is also called laminated glass. It is a few layers of such material, glued together with a special resin.
There are different options for fixing glass blocks for partitions. Apply not only fixed partitions, but also sliding, as well as suspended structures. Interior sliding glass partitions are installed with the help of rails, on which they move. And the suspension systems are attached to the upper section of the partition by means of carriages, which makes it possible not to make the sills at the bottom of the fastening. Thus, frameless glazing is also non-threshold.
In addition, with the help of glass decoration, you can easily realize any design idea. The material can be transparent, matt, tinted. Using an architectural film on the glass, a suitable image, ornament, logo or inscription is easily applied. Today you can meet the most unexpected solutions in the photo of glass partitions in the apartment and office.
Reliability and safety of glass partitions for tempered glass zoning
Glass partitions for zoning space in the room are made of durable material, safe to use. Most often it is tempered glass, the thickness of which on average is 10-12 mm. Its main advantage over “raw” material is that the tempered glass is not broken into sharp cutting fragments. In case of damage, it is showered with fragments that resemble balls.
The fragments serve as a kind of indicator for the material. If they have approximately the same size and rounded edges, then it can be argued that this glass is of excellent quality. It has maximum strength and is safe to use. Thus, the possibility of injury to the material is excluded. That is why it is used not only to create partitions, but also for other structures.
The quenching effect of the material is achieved by heating the wet glass to a temperature of about 640-650 ° C. Masters use for this purpose a special oven in which the glass sheets move in a certain way until they reach the desired temperature. Then in the cooling section they cool down quickly. In this case, the outer layer of the glass cools faster, thereby creating a compressive stress externally. And from the inside, a tensile stress appears in the hot material. To redistribute the stresses of the glass, it is annealed.
It is important to know ! In rare cases, tempering glass leads to self-destruction. This is facilitated by nickel-sulfide compounds, which are in the composition of the material.
In the process of such heat treatment, the material for the partition with glass acquires the necessary properties. It is very important to choose the real masters of your business, because with poor quality processing there are many defects. The main of them is optical glass distortion. It appears in case of uneven heat distribution across the material, as well as when using the wrong temperature as a whole.
Production of glass partitions from the riplex. Technology «S mart G lass »
The process of manufacturing a triplex is to glue several layers of glass with a special polymer. It, thanks to its properties, does not allow the material to break down under physical influence. At the same time, the transparency and throughput of the glass are preserved. In case of damage, it does not break up into fragments, but adheres to interlayer material. For bonding, polyvinyl butyral (or PVB) is most often used. Finished products have positive characteristics due to the chemical bonds between the glass and PVB arising in the manufacturing process.
Currently, these types of triplex material are distinguished:
- Smart glass.
Laminated glass is manufactured using special technology. First, the joined layers are passed through the rollers, after which the plates are processed in a thermal chamber. This is necessary in order to remove air and strengthen the leaf of the triplex. The assembly process takes place at a pressure of about 8-12 bar. The temperature fluctuates between 100 and 150 ° C.
There are simpler ways to create a triplex with rubber and PVC. The price per m² of a glass partition made with the use of such materials is not high. The sheets of glass are simply poured with rubber, which is dried by ultraviolet. The main problem is that the rubber fades as a result of the environment. And joining layers with PVC is simply unreliable. After a few years, the glass will peel off, since the connection between the sheets of glass and PVC is only mechanical.
Separations from the triplex in case of damage are not scattered with sharp fragments. They hang on the gluing layer, excluding the possibility of a man getting hurt. Blocks of this material are available in thickness from 6 to 40 mm. The level of loading on the laminated glass is approximately 200-300 kg / m 2 . If you achieve the necessary density of fasteners, this material will have excellent sound insulation.
“Smart glass” is an electrochromic glass manufactured using high technologies. Its main feature is light control. When the smart glass is off, it skips the light no more than 7-8%. When on, the transparency of such a wall reaches 80%. The interlayer film is made of liquid crystals, which change the properties of the structure under the influence of electricity. At the same time, the energy consumption of such a product does not exceed 7 W / m 2 .
Plexiglas partition: extruded acrylic and decaracryl
Organic glass (plexiglass) – an excellent solution for quality zoning space. For the manufacture of such partitions, acrylic glass with a thickness of 0.5-25 mm is used. It can be completely transparent, as well as matte. Its popular variety can be considered extrusion plexiglas, covered with a layer of amalgam. In the process of developing the production of the material, the craftsmen learned to fuse in its layers of decorative ornaments. This kind of partitions is called decaracryl.
Thus, using Plexiglas for organizing space is not only convenient, but also beautiful. Any graphic can be applied to the surface of Plexiglas. Figured partitions easily fit into any style of the room. They are widely used not only at home. Often you can find plexiglass installed in offices, shopping centers, museums, galleries, on verandas, etc.
Due to its strength, the baffles made of organic glass can be installed not only with the help of a metal frame, but also make them fully glassed. In addition, they can not only be stationary. Sliding systems are mobile and organize the useful area in the most advantageous way. Depending on the type of mechanism distinguish such mobile structures of plexiglas:
Matte glass partitions in the interior: the fineness of the fabrication
The glass partition in the room is most often used to delineate the territory. Therefore, the transparency of glass is rarely relevant. After all, sometimes the partition performs the function of separating a separate place in the room. Then the main task of zoning an apartment or office will be the desire to close the internal space from prying eyes.
Many years ago the masters came up with how to make the interior partition opaque. When it is necessary to limit the visibility of a certain room, an opaque glass with a rough surface is used to create the structures. To obtain a matte effect, the material is most often treated by such methods:
- chemical etching;
With the help of modern technologies, you can not simply matte the material, but also apply a certain pattern or pattern to it. The decoration does not significantly increase the cost of glass partitions, since the methods of matting are quite economical. In addition to chemical etching and sandblasting, a matting film is used to create the pattern.
Applying a film is considered as a budgetary way of artistic decoration. It can be easily glued to the surface of the glass. If you need to get a glossy pattern on the frosted glass, the whole surface of the sheet is pasted with a film. Then a special figure is cut out with a special tool. Matting film is a very popular solution for shopping centers and office buildings. Due to its versatility, this glass wall perfectly fits into any interior.
The simplest method is the chemical treatment of glass with acid-containing pastes. They can be made independently. However, instead of pastes, specialized liquid for glass matting is increasingly being used. Preference is given to European manufacturers who are known for high quality goods. Imported liquids for matting the product do not leave a divorce and make it easier to work with masters with large sheets of glass.
Chemical etching is the exposure to the surface of a material with a chemical solution containing hydrofluoric acid. Thus, high-quality haze is achieved with a minimum level of roughness. Due to the fact that the chemical changes the surface structure, this kind of matting is the longest one. To apply a pattern, use a stencil, which is applied to the fatty solution before the procedure.
Helpful advice! Hydrofluoric acid destroys any glass. If there is a need to store the solution at home, then ebonite or rubber utensils are suitable for this.
The advantage of this method is that it allows you to quickly process a large area of material of any shape. The aqueous solution contains 40% hydrogen fluoride, which affects all metals except gold and platinum. The difficulty of chemical treatment is that it is very difficult to achieve a uniformly etched surface, since the pattern can not be removed or erased.
Serious preparation from the master requires sandblasting matting of the glass partition. The price of the instrument itself, as well as the corresponding rack for glass sheets and dust protective equipment is high. However, all these components are necessary for high-quality and safe processing of the material. The process itself is not very complicated, but it requires a certain skill.
A sheet of glass is installed on a special stand, which will be matted. To fix the glass block use a soft felt layer to avoid damaging the material under the pressure of the apparatus. It is because of the difficulties of fixing that curly blocks and non-standard glass fragments are not matted by sandblasting. The pattern is created using a stencil, which is removed after the procedure.
Advantages and uses. Materials for manufacturing and model prices. Self-assembly. Read more
A pressure is created, due to which abrasive particles of sand by a strong stream of air are fed to the surface of the material. Due to the fact that sand acts on the glass surface mechanically, the master can adjust the depth and intensity of the treatment. To do this, simply increase or decrease the pressure of the sandblasting unit, and also change the granularity of the sand used.
The disadvantage of sandblasting matting is the excessive roughness of the treated surface. Because of this, the dust settles on it and various microparticles adhere. In order to avoid such problems, the matted material is covered with a special lacquer. The fingerprints remain on the glass, treated with sandblast. Therefore, behind the glass partition for zoning in the room you need to constantly look after.
Glass partitions in the apartment : the solution to the problem of unsuccessful planning
In order to increase the useful area of the apartment, it is not necessary to tear down or build heavy walls. There are many tricks that allow you to optimize the space in the house. A modern solution for any kind of room is the interior partitions of glass. They will fit into any interior, harmoniously complement the design project.
Glass partitions are manufactured in almost any size. Their height can reach 4 m, and the width has no restrictions. Everything will depend on how the material will be fixed. This type of wall does not require complex and long-term construction work. Therefore, architects and designers advise installing fixed or sliding interior glass partitions in the apartment. The price of installation does not require serious financial costs. These structures do not need to be registered with the state authorities, since they are considered collapsible.
With the help of interroom blocks, you can solve a lot of problems with the organization of space. For example, to divide one spacious room into two zones-for rest and work. It is also easy to create two children’s autonomous territories from one room if children are uncomfortable living together because of age or gender. Partitions made of glass in an apartment, made as a studio, is an indispensable tool for zoning. With the help of such a device, you can maximally comfortably and harmoniously delineate the useful area of the room.
Glass designs have many advantages. The main advantage for residents of apartment buildings with small rooms is the compactness of the glass partitions in the apartment. The price differs from its availability in comparison with the organization of construction works for the construction of traditional interior walls. In addition, there are many options for sliding glass partitions for the apartment.
It is very easy to order a glass partition. The market is filled with a lot of offers. At the same time, designers are ready to choose the right color, style and form of construction for any project. With the help of tempered glass or a triplex, it is possible to correctly and functionally design a kitchen, a nursery, a study and other rooms. The air glass partitions of the loft will create an easy casual atmosphere in the room .
Glass partitions for non-residential premises: office classics
Many years do not lose their popularity office partitions of glass. Organize the workspace with their help easily and conveniently. Glass is suitable for zoning small offices when it is necessary to create several individual jobs. No less relevant is the installation of glass office partitions in rooms with a large area. In this case, the space will not be cluttered, and the maximum amount of light visually emphasizes all the advantages of a large office.
Note! Many large companies are of the opinion that the transparency of the office symbolizes the transparency of business processes.
The organization of office space in the style of coworking is gaining popularity. With this layout, it is worth noting the excellent sound insulation properties of glass doors and partitions. Most often coworking implies the neighborhood of completely different spheres of professional activity. This increases the productivity of employees and promotes intensive communication of colleagues. Thanks to good sound insulation, people working in separate boxes on different projects will not interfere with each other.
There are different types of installation and accessories for glass partitions. In a modern office, preference is given to mobile partitions. With their help, you can easily change the situation in the room depending on the purpose. Blocks of glass move on special mechanical systems. You can build a partition, move it, and also control the amount of light in the office.
There are two installation systems for frameless glazing: sliding and hanging. Sliding partitions of glass are widely used for zoning offices. The leaflets of the partition move parallel, along the rails. Most often, three- and five-wing structures are used. Each of the parts moves along one rail, so that they are “packed” one after the other. Thus, the space opens to 75-80%. In this case, the leaflets are compactly assembled on the sides of the system.
Depending on the characteristics of the room and operation characteristics, different threshold heights are used. In the classical office version, glass sliding doors and partitions with a 7 mm threshold are usually installed. It does not create obstacles for walking, and is quite reliable in operation. You can also choose a more advanced system, equipped with an additional seal rollers. The height of the threshold in this version will be about 12 mm. With all the positive qualities, the price of sliding glass partitions remains affordable.
The basis for fixing glass partitions is aluminum profiles. Suspended system of installation of such products assumes fastening of the flaps on the upper profile. Thanks to this design, frameless glazing will be zero-threshold. It allows you to completely remove the boundaries of the room, and the doors “park” in a special place. Thus, you can maximally open the opening in the room. There are also types of anchorages, in which the parking zone is missing, which allows completely to clear the opening.
Due to the fact that the glass passes light well, the office space will always be airy and light. In this case, glass partitions in the office can be made of matt. This option is used when there is a need to create a more confidential environment. Usually frosted glass is used for management cabinets or accounting staff. or employees of accounts department.
Glass walls in an apartment or office – a modern design solution. The most harmonious design fits into the interiors in the style of high-tech and modern. The growth in popularity for the installation of glass partitions is due to the fact that over the past 15 years the process of glass production has been improved: it has become even more reliable.