To organize space, famous architects and craftsmen use wood, aluminum and glass, creating modern masterpieces. Thanks to talented designers there are fashionable trends and trends, and technical experts are developing new ways of processing the material. If the creation of a brick or concrete interior partition requires special knowledge, then it is not difficult to build a wall from the plaster or foam block itself .
Partitions made of wood: leading positions in the list of popular design solutions
Interior partitions made of wood have been used for many years for zoning space in the room. They are made from different types of wood, but the most common are the following:
Often, the walnut veneer is used to make the septum, since its woody array is hardly used for this purpose. Also the actual material is the MDF profile, which is covered with veneer of almost any type of wood. Wood is attractive in that it has a unique ring pattern: it is almost impossible to find the same natural ornaments. By the principle of installing wooden interior partitions allocate stationary, sliding and mobile structures.
The stationary version of the partition is attached to the walls, ceiling and floor. It is almost unlimited in size and weight, since the design is maximally fixed. Sliding cloths are installed on special rails fixed to the floor and ceiling. Each leaf of such a partition moves with the help of rollers along its guide.
Install interior partitions of the compartment together with the parking area, which will be the doors at the time of opening the opening. It is possible to implement such structures without the use of a parking zone, which allows expanding the opening. Equally relevant are the suspension systems of the installation. Their peculiarity lies in the fact that they move only along the upper rail, and at the bottom they are fastened with bolts.
Mobile wooden partitions are used most often as part of the interior. They not only perform the function of zoning space, but also are a designer decoration of the room. Usually these designs have the form of a wooden screen, which can be placed anywhere and, if necessary, transferred. Therefore, they have significant restrictions on weight and size, in contrast to the stationary partitions in the house. From what to make a beautiful and functional screen, knows any competent designer and designer.
Wooden interior partitions by their own hands: known modifications of structures
When decorating partitions indoors, glass is often inserted into the wooden frame. This makes the design more light and cozy. In this case, you can use a transparent glass, you can matte it or choose a variety of designer bright options. It all depends on what function the partition will perform. Modern firms offer a wide range of different stationary designs, but sliding systems are limited in weight, they can not be overloaded with massive glass.
Designers around the world are making new zoning trends in the interior. For example, it is very popular to use the old tree today to create new compositions and decorations . Photo partitions in the room, made of aged timber, can easily be found on the Internet. Having picked up this idea, the well-known designer Pete Hain Eyk launched in Holland a serial production of furniture and other interior elements from wood waste.
Note! Recycling is a complex work, as a result of which waste is given a second life.
Relatively new world technology is the use of burned wood for decorative finishing. This effect can be achieved as a result of processing the material with a special solution. At the same time, the tree does not lose its qualities, it acquires a new energy and a unique character. This trend is so practical that the burned tree is used not only to create partitions and fittings, but also to decorate the building’s facades.
A special subtlety is the style of Wabi-Sabi. This direction originated under the influence of Japanese culture. One of the famous admirers of this genre is the world-famous designer Axel Werwördt. Infinite respect for the forces of nature, love of life characterize this style. Aesthetic system Wabi assumes strict asceticism. Therefore, the lines of this interior are correct, clean. Particular attention is paid to textures. Ideally fits into the interior and contributes to the correct attitude of the wooden partition. The price of such design is unequivocally high.
The relevance of aluminum interior partitions
At the design stage, the question arises, from which it is better to make an internal partition. The main principle of aluminum products is the modularity of the structure. For installation, an aluminum frame of the desired shape is used, which is attached to the walls, floor and ceiling. It is made by extrusion from an alloy of aluminum. This material acquires flexibility, corrosion resistance and lightness. At the same time, the aluminum profiles are strong, they provide an adequate level of safety.
The modules are filled with mainly light-transmitting material. Most often for these purposes choose glass. This preference is due to the fact that today a large selection of glass is on the market. It is decorated for any design project. They use chemical etching, special films, decorate with various elements, etc. The thickness of the glass usually ranges from 4 mm to 12 mm, which depends on the structure of the interior partition. From what it is better to make modules, experts will prompt.
According to the principle of installation and operation, traditional stationary, sliding and mobile aluminum partitions are distinguished. As already mentioned above, the frame of fixed structures is fixed to the floor, ceiling and bearing floors. If it is a question of erection of an interroom partition, then doors are mounted in it. However, it is possible to use this type of construction with an aluminum profile for zoning the space inside the room. Then the partition, along with the differentiation of the area of the room, will perform a decorative function.
Sliding interior partitions are also in demand. The price of aluminum structures is quite consistent with their quality. The most common types of sliding systems are:
- “Coupe” (or recoiling partition);
- suspended structure;
- transformable system.
The main principle of fastening the system “coupe” – rail track. Aluminum rails are installed on the floor and on the ceiling. The leaflets are suspended by means of a mechanism with special rollers, so that they move along their guide. Forms a parking area for the doors, where they will be in the open position. Since the aluminum alloy is a plastic material, it is possible to design a curved skeleton. In this way, you can create a radius divider.
“Book” and “accordion” are very similar systems. The partition consists of fragments of the canvas, which are attached to the upper rail, and at the bottom are held by means of a special pin. Blocks of these systems are connected by loops, more rarely by springs. The “book” and “accordion” differ from each other only in the number of leaves: in the first case only two panels are connected. To install a system of “accordion” type, 3 or more elements are used.
In the suspended structure of aluminum, the plates are fixed only on the ceiling top track. This allows you not to damage the floor covering during installation. The doors of the interior partition move with the help of a roller mechanism, but are connected with each other by loops. The transformable system does not involve fastening the panels together, they move apart from each other.
Dense and light interior partitions of foam blocks
Penoblok is a unit of modern and practical material for creating partitions. He won a place in the market of building materials due to his technical characteristics. Despite the large size, the foam block is light in weight. This greatly facilitates its transportation and installation of structures. The material is perfectly suited to sawing, drilling, other processing. An additional advantage is the price of interior partitions from foam blocks.
Thanks to the special texture, the foam block can be finished with any decorative methods: glue wallpaper, plaster, lay tiles, etc. It is resistant to the influence of the environment: temperature changes, humidity, microorganisms are not terrible for him. Also this material perfectly retains heat and has a high level of sound insulation. Interior partitions can have any shape, as the foam block is perfectly sawn and suitable for the embodiment of creative design projects.
It is important to choose the right material for the future design. The foam blocks are made using an autoclave. This method allows the segments to be made strong and provides a uniform porosity. Non-autoclave method is also used, but experts are not advised to purchase products made in this way, because of its low technical performance.
Important! The autoclave is a special chamber where the material acquires its properties due to heating under high pressure.
When manufacturing prefabricated blocks, manufacturers use special forms in which liquid foam concrete is poured. The shape method is fairly simple, but the segments are not ideal, so there can be difficulties in laying. More suitable is the option of preparing foam blocks with a circular saw. In this way, perfectly even fragments of the future design are produced.
The size of the foam blocks depends on the thickness of the interior partition, its height. In addition, it is necessary to consider what functions this construction will perform. The most commonly used fragments are standard size 30×60 cm, thickness 10 cm and density D600. This is the optimal ratio for the partition in the house. For external walls, a denser foam concrete is needed.
Gypsolite partitions : the advantages of the groove installation principle
Indeed, plaster and alabaster are similar in composition. But there are key differences in the technology of their production. It is thanks to a special way of manufacturing that the moisture resistance of the material increases, the weight of the structure decreases, and an excellent noise-insulating effect is achieved. The composition of this material includes gypsum crumb and mineral additions.
Partition of glass in the interior: the elegance and lightness of transparent structures
Examples of using. Zoning of studio apartments. Expansion of the space, filling the room with light. Read more
According to the structure, two types of plasterboard are distinguished: hollow (hollow inside) and monolithic (full-bodied). Hollow blocks are produced in thickness of 8 and 10 cm, they have excellent sound insulation properties due to the presence of voids inside the plate. Monolithic blocks are distinguished by high strength, produced on average 4 cm thick (one plate).
Before you start, you need to select the appropriate blocks. Experts advise to use a moisture-resistant plaster. This will increase the service life, since such plates are not susceptible to damage by mold and fungus. Since this material does not ignite, during installation it is possible to do without a special channel for wiring. Installation of interior partitions from plaster does not cause any special difficulties.
Note! Experts advise leaving plasterboard plates for several hours in the room in which they will be installed. The material during this time is well adapted to temperature and humidity.
Plates, thanks to the piezoelectric principle, can be installed without the experience and expertise in this area. Hollow items are suitable, if the room is not recommended to overload the floor. Due to the internal void they have less weight. Also, due to structural features, they provide a higher level of noise insulation of interior partitions. To obtain the maximum effect when laying, you can use a soundproof tape. Despite the fact that the material is very durable, it is easy to saw and shtrobit.
To strengthen the structure of the partition, it is necessary to use reinforced mesh. The interior wall will be even more durable, and it will also keep the heat perfectly. If materials are combined during installation, it is recommended to use a damper tape. Due to it, it will be possible to reduce the shrinkage difference when using materials, for example, when combining plaster and wood.
Brick partitions in the apartment: ageless traditions
For a long time, brick is considered one of the most reliable materials for laying interior walls. From what it is better to build a partition, the architect will tell. However, on the brick wall, you can attach any shelves and other necessary decor elements. This is not the only virtue of brickwork. This wall has a high level of noise insulation, which creates the most comfortable conditions for living.
Since this material has a significant weight, in the apartments put the wall in half or a quarter of the brick. The thickness of the interior walls of brick varies from 12 to 15 cm, the weight of the structure is approximately 280 kg / m². The size of a wall of standard thickness with putty – about 27-28 cm. The weight of such a partition will be several times larger and, accordingly, there will be an unacceptable load on the bearing structures.
The erection of partitions made of bricks assumes the availability of basic knowledge in this area. Failure to comply with the requirements may lead to the wall leading. Particular attention is paid to the layout and the first row. First, to prevent vibration, it is necessary to lay a layer of waterproofing substance. For the most part, builders use ruberoid for these purposes.
Details and details of installation of interior partitions made of bricks
The mortar for the interlayer is a very important structural element. Its consistency should not be watery, so that the seams are not squeezed between the bricks. It is necessary that the mixture is sufficiently plastic – in this case, the seams will be easier to work with. The optimal thickness of the seam is 1-1.2 cm. Experts advise not to distribute the mortar throughout the entire area of the brick, since later the wall will need to be plastered. This method is called “wasteland”.
Do not erect a wall above 150 cm at a time. This is due to the fact that the clutch must be seized and strengthened, otherwise the wall can lead. Strengthen the brick piers with reinforced bars with a diameter of 0.4-0.6 cm. They are laid along the entire length through every 4 rows of the partition. Under the ceiling, leave a gap (about 2-3 cm), lay it with felt and plaster.
Wizards at the time of installation must bandage the seams. In the case of brickwork, only vertical bandaging is used in half of the brick. Lay bricks in such a way that the vertical seam between the fragments of the masonry is located in the center of the brick below it, in the previous row. For this, the rows begin with a whole brick, then with halves. This ensures the strength of the structure and compliance with all construction standards.
Helpful advice! For convenience, you can “soak” the bricks in the water. In this case, they absorb water from the seam solution more slowly and are easier to fit.
The so-called “piers” help to create an even wall. These are stretched cords that allow the master to navigate in the clutch and avoid the protuberance of the pier. Such ropes are stretched along the wall, so that each time the row is laid at the correct distance. This method will avoid an unpleasant situation when the wall appears “belly”, that is, the brickwork moves with each row all the way to the side. Subsequently, you have to destroy and rebuild the structure.
Concrete interior partition: monumental practicality
On the Internet you can find a lot of information about what to make a partition in the apartment. The cellular concrete is far from being a novelty in the building materials market. It is produced by foaming a solution of cement. Concrete blocks of standard size 20×25 cm and height 6 cm are produced at the output. Material of density D500, D600 is suitable for the construction of the partition wall. One of its advantages can be considered a relatively small weight. In addition, cellular concrete has excellent fire resistance.
Due to the fact that there is air inside the segments, the cellular concrete perfectly retains heat. It has a good coefficient of thermal conductivity of 0.14 W / m² ° C. It is worth noting that the air permeability of such a partition is a negative characteristic of this material. However, the concrete wall, due to its structure, has good soundproofness. Depending on the thickness, this index varies from 37 dB to 57 dB.
The technology used in the laying of cellular concrete is the same as for the construction of a brick partition. The same methods with mooring are applied, the blocks are laid by the method of bandaging the seams. The design of the reinforcement bars is strengthened, and it is also possible to fix the wall to the floor covering with metal profiles. For joints use a simple tile adhesive or cement mortar with sand.
Glass partitions for rooms: space-light magic
Rapidly developing production makes the material more durable and safe. To create practical partitions in the interior use tempered glass 1-1.2 cm thick. Thanks to special treatment using high temperatures in special furnaces, this glass acquires all its special properties. Its decisive difference from the “raw” is that the fragments of the hardened and annealed sheet are non-weatherproof – these are more fragments of broken glass with rounded edges.
Note! Due to their strength, triplex is used for the glazing of vehicles, aircraft, rolling stock and armored vehicles.
Nothing inferior to the hardened kind of triplex glass. This material is produced by gluing three layers of glass with a special polymer. As a layer, polyvinyl butyral is most often used. At the same time, the sheet does not lose its capacity, and also withstands loads equal to approximately 200-300 kg / m². To date, you can find such varieties of triplex as shockproof, fireproof, bulletproof, soundproof, etc.
No less popular is organic glass. Acryl and decoacryl are a new trend in the design and zoning of premises. Thanks to the special properties of this material, any decorative interior partition is easily executed. Over time, specialists have learned to fuse in the structure of plexiglass decorative ornaments. Acrylic sheets can be attached either to the frame, or without it. Widely used sliding systems of acrylic glass.
Depending on the design and location of the partition, the glass can be made frosted. Thus, it becomes possible to close the space from prying eyes, create a secluded part of the room, and limit personal space. This technique is often used in the construction of office rooms and the construction of partitions in the studio apartment. Dullness is applied with a special film, chemical etching or sandblasting. You can combine the transparency and opacity of the glass, using this technique to create ornaments or drawings.
There are sliding systems of glass room partitions (as in the cases with wooden and aluminum partitions). The valves move along the rails using a roller structure. In this case, the “coupe” system is fixed from below and from above, and the suspension version is only on top. You can design a parking area for blocks (this is not a prerequisite).
Unusual atmosphere in the house create light bulbs, installed on glass interior partitions. Photos of this design convey only a part of emotions from the fairy-tale environment of the room. In the office sphere, the “smart glass” technology makes a fantastic note. This is electrochromic glass, which allows you to control the level of light under the influence of electricity.
Having learned in detail about what to do interior partitions, you can start to act. Competent design and professional approach can organize the space in the best way!