To arrange beautiful and modern sites often use unusual ways of decorating fences. One such option is fast-growing climbing plants for fence. Let’s consider what plants are most suitable for this purpose, what is worth paying attention to when choosing and how to properly care for them, so that the fence has an attractive appearance and fully fulfills its decorative function.
Fast-climbing climbing plants for fence: how to choose the right one
The easiest way to get a beautiful flowering hedge is to pay for the gardener’s services. However, this will be quite expensive. In addition, many land owners prefer to do everything themselves. For this reason, let’s look at what you should pay attention to first of all, so that the result of the work done does not disappoint you.
Before proceeding to planting plants, it is necessary to evaluate the following parameters:
- features of climatic conditions of the region and the site (height of location, degree of shading, etc.);
- how much time and attention you are willing to pay to care for plants. Some species require minimal care, while others will require a lot of your efforts;
- aesthetic characteristics. Here you should rely on your own tastes and preferences, having previewed the photo of possible options.
A variety of climbing ornamental plants, which can be used to decorate a fence, will please even the most demanding owner of a suburban area. Most choose lush plants, which grow quite quickly and abundantly blossom. However, in order to choose the appropriate option, it is recommended to consider the whole possible range of curly flowers.
Curly perennial plants: the most popular varieties
Perennial climbing plants – a very convenient and fairly common option for the design of fences, because special care is required mainly young shoots. In the future, when the seedlings are strengthened, care for them will be minimal, which will save considerable time and effort.
Speaking about the care of perennial climbing plants, most often we mean pruning and shaping. However, in the first stages, more careful care will be required, which includes dressing, feeding and regular watering of plants. In addition, in case of frosts, you will need to cover the lianas to prevent their death.
The most popular and at the same time simple in the care are plants such as grapes, hops, ivy, and also large-leafed dendriker. And it is the grape that occupies the leading position in this list, as it is not too fond of conditions, and at the same time it allows to decorate absolutely any hedge. The only condition that is necessary for its full growth is fertile soil.
Note! The leaves of the grapes can have a variety of shades, depending on the type of soil in which it grows, and the amount of sunlight obtained: from densely green to yellowish and slightly orange.
Another option suitable for camouflaging the fence is ivy. It perfectly clings to any even the smallest irregularities in the surface, it tolerates the shadow well and almost never freezes.
Ivy and large-leaved woodbeard are a bit more demanding in their care, however, they also perfectly tolerate any soil. Like all the others, they require a certain care and regular feeding, but otherwise quite unpretentious.
Fast-growing climbing plants for cottages: photos and names
In addition to the most popular and simple options that have been considered, there are still a huge number of plants that are suitable for fencing. Let’s consider the features of each cultivation, their characteristics and needs for care.
Actinidia: planting and care, features and benefits
Actinidia is a perennial liana with unusual but very beautiful leaves of motley color. For full growth and development, the plant requires support, since in itself it is quite flexible. Actinidia flowers, as a rule, have a white color and do not smell, although some species can exude a rather pleasant smell.
Helpful advice! Actinidia can be both male and female. Determine the sex of the plant can be by the colors of the first year of life: the male plants inside the flower do not have a pistil. For this reason, at least two plants must be planted on the site so that they can be pollinated.
Actinidia gives its owners edible, rich in vitamins and sugars, fruits that can be eaten fresh. In addition, they can be dried, cook jam and drinks from them.
The actinidia is planted in the spring or autumn, taking into account that its fruits require the presence of sunlight for ripening. The plant does not tolerate the neighborhood with apple trees, which is also worth considering when choosing a place. Care consists in periodic weeding, fertilizing, pruning, and also watering in case of a lack of natural precipitation.
Grapes Amur breakthrough: the best variety for cultivation near the fence
Perhaps the main characteristic of this plant, which largely determines it – incredible resistance to frost. It does not scare even by lowering the temperature to -40 ° C, so you will not have to fear for its safety in the winter.
This grape variety grows extremely fast and in some cases its lianas are able to reach a length of 35 m. At the same time, the trunk thickness can be up to 20 cm.
Cultivate the Amur breakthrough in any soil, but the acid primer is best for this purpose. Worse, this grape variety transfers soil, rich in limestone. The abundance of sunlight has a beneficial effect on the growth of this plant, so it is best to choose a well-lit area for planting.
When planting between plants, it is worth keeping a distance of at least 1.5 m to provide freedom and space for further growth. It is best to plant the Amur breakthrough in the form of seedlings or cuttings, but some summer residents prefer to grow grapes from bones.
Helpful advice! In the case of self-cultivation of grapes Amur breakthrough from the bone is to understand that as a result you can get the most unexpected result, and the taste of fruits can differ significantly from the usual.
Maiden Grapes: Planting and Care, Features of Cultivation
The scientific name of the virgin grapes is Parthenocissus, which translates as “virgin ivy”. The plant belongs to the family of grape and has 19 species. Despite this, in our climatic conditions in the open ground only two types are growing: triostric and five-leaf.
Although the plant is not too demanding for the soil in which it grows, it is not necessary to plant it in dry or too depleted soil. Maiden grape quite easily carries life in the shade, but in this regard, its leaves can change color, becoming burgundy or yellow. In addition, the presence of sunlight in many ways determines whether the plant will bloom and bear fruit.
Plant girlish grapes in autumn and spring, without worrying that the plant will not survive. The main thing is how to water it. If you plan to plant several seedlings, then it is necessary to keep a distance of at least 1 m between them.
Care for the girlish grape means regular sanitary pruning and shaping. For young shoots, it is worthwhile to provide supports for which they can cling for further growth.
Roundwood leopard: how to grow a plant
The roundwood leopard is the most resistant plant of all 30 species of this genus. Most of them are represented by lianas, some of which are evergreen, but sometimes there are shrubs.
The height of the vine tree can reach 12-18 m, while the plant has a high growth rate and can add from 1 to 2 meters in one season. For a full-fledged growth the plant requires supports, for which it is possible to cling to the shoots, so it is often used to mask fences and fences. Although it is worth noting that in the absence of support, the plant can spread along the ground.
Like girlish grapes, a tree-keeper can be planted in spring or autumn, but it is better to choose an open sunny place for this. Water the plant only at a young age. The rest of the time, it is quite resistant to lack of moisture and well tolerates drought. But sanitary pruning is best done in the early spring, before the sap flow begins.
One-year-old sweet peas: growing from seeds
One-year-old sweet pea is a fast growing liana, belonging to the family of legumes. This plant multiplies exclusively by seeds and in the adult state reaches a height of 2 m.
Thin stems of peas grow, clinging to any supports that come across on the way. Due to this, it is possible to direct the plant, offering him to cling on the antennae for these or those protrusions, and thus design the fence or wall of the building. For this purpose, you can find many different varieties of peas, which will differ from each other in color and shape of flowers.
Note! Flowers fragrant peas are very sensitive to temperature changes. A strong decrease in it can cause the vines to not bear fruit.
The popularity of fragrant peas among gardeners is largely due to its undemanding conditions of life. He is able to survive both in the sun and in the shade. Moreover, it can tolerate frost to -5 ° C. However, it is best to choose a place protected from strong winds for landing.
Ipomea: planting and care, a photo of a plant
Ipomea enjoys great popularity among gardeners. Planting and care in the open ground are not particularly difficult. Lianas, reaching a length of 5 m, are able to hide completely any fences and walls, decorating them with stunningly beautiful flowers.
Ipomoea flowers can have a wide variety of colors. You can find red, white, pink, blue, lilac, etc. Typically, the flowers open every morning and close only at lunchtime or closer to the evening, depending on the weather.
Perennial fast-growing hedge: evergreen plants and their description
Features of planting and caring for bushes and trees. What to look for when choosing plants. Read more
There are several types of morning glory, planting and care for which may differ, depending on the specifics of the plant. Each variety makes its demands on the composition of the soil, which is most suitable for the full growth of this plant. In addition, the disembarkation is recommended in late May or early June, when the risks of nocturnal frosts are already past.
Rarely is there a perennial morning glory. Planting and nursing in this case are rather complicated, so such plants are most often used in our climate as annuals.
Ipomea purple: planting and care, photos and characteristics
Purple morning glory – an annual creeper, which has a pubescent stem. In length, this plant can reach 8 m. Flowers are arranged one by one, have a diameter of about 7 cm and can have a wide variety of colors: from white to red, blue or lilac. You can meet artificially bred varieties that have variegated or double flowers.
Having decided to plant this plant on its site, many summer residents are interested in the features of planting and care. The annual morning glory of this species originally grew in a tropical climate, and therefore does not tolerate frost. It is for this reason that it is not able to survive the winter and is used exclusively as an annual.
Water the purple morning glory regularly, but not too abundant, so that water stagnation does not form in the roots. In addition, the plant can be fed approximately every 2-3 weeks.
Note! Overabundance of fertilizers can lead to an increase in the number of leaves on the vines, but in this case the morning glory does not bloom. Especially often this happens if nitrogen fertilizers are used.
Honeysuckle winding (German hood): features of growing on the site
In nature, you can find more than 250 species of this plant, but not all of them are used by summer residents for decorative purposes. Vertical landscaping is possible due to the long vines, which can reach 5 m and abundantly bloom in a variety of colors in the shades.
The flowers of honeysuckle exude a pleasant smell, which especially intensifies with the onset of the evening. The plant is quite resistant to a variety of weather conditions and can grow both in the shade and in the blown areas. Similarly, German honeysuckle is able to tolerate frosts, recovering itself after freezing. In August, dark red fruits begin to ripen on the spot of flowers, which are of exclusively decorative importance and can not be used for food.
Capryfall: photo of a popular species growing in the garden
There are several varieties of this plant, which are actively used in suburban areas as a fast-growing climbing plant. Consider the main types:
- honeysuckle caprylic fragrant – one of the most common varieties, which, nevertheless, quite demanding to the presence of sunlight, moisture and soil composition;
- Brown honeysuckle is a liana shrub that is popular, thanks to its carrot-red colors. The flowering period is 3 weeks. He prefers to grow in open solar areas, he does not like drafts and wind;
- honeysuckle Henry – relatively small (up to 2.5 m) liana, blooming is incredibly beautiful: its bright flowers are gathered in inflorescences and have an extremely pleasant aroma. The plant tolerates a shadow or partial shade;
- honeysuckle Hekrot – a hybrid plant that has a fairly long flowering period (June to September), but does not bear fruit. A distinctive feature of this particular honeysuckle is the two-colored flowers, usually white or yellow inside and pink or orange outside.
This is far from being all options and among a wide choice every owner will be able to find exactly the option that is most suitable for the existing conditions and will delight the eye with its flowers.
Kirkason Liana: exotic shrubs for fence decoration
Kirkazon or as it is also called “aristolochia” has very unusual, almost exotic flowers, which, nevertheless, may well become an ornament of the site in our climate. With due attention and care, the plant is fully capable of surviving our harsh winter, although in Brazil, where the aristo- lohia comes from, it does not have to face such conditions.
Unlike many other climbing plants, to which we are accustomed, the Kirkason vines bloom far from immediately, but only from the fifth year. The planting is best done in autumn or spring, choosing a sheltered from the wind and a rather shady place. It is important that water in the ground does not stagnate.
Care includes regular watering, which will prevent the upper layer of the soil from drying out. In addition, on especially hot summer days it is recommended to spray the plant additionally, since it needs moisture.
In the process of forming trimming, it is necessary to shear all too long lianas that extend over the support. The same must be done with dried branches. To a young plant without hibernation, it is recommended to cover its roots for the time of cold weather.
Clematis: planting and care in the open ground, plant characteristics
Clematis – unpretentious liana, which is characterized by abundant flowering and is excellent for the design of fences. Disembarkation takes place mainly in the spring on shaded areas, since the abundance of sun rays leads to the burning out of flowers. It is also desirable that there be no groundwater at the site of planting. Often, an artificial hillock is created for this purpose, on which a young plant is planted.
Helpful advice! Before planting, pay attention to the condition of the clematis roots. If during the inspection you noted excessive dryness of the root system, it is recommended to put the plant in water for 2-3 hours.
For the time of cold weather, bushes should be sheltered to prevent them from freezing and help them survive the winter. In spring, watering should be done approximately once a week, and in summer, in extreme heat, it can be increased up to 2 times in the same period.
It is important to regularly remove around the clematis weeds, as they are able to absorb the necessary moisture. Ideally, you need to sow a patch of grass around it. In the first year the plant is not fertilized at all, and then this procedure can be carried out in the spring, when the lianas wake from hibernation.
Kobeja climbing: growing from seeds and care in the open ground
Kobeia is a perennial semi-shrub liana, native to the tropical forests of the Americas. The plant can reach a length of more than 6 m, clinging to various supports. The flowers are rather large and reach a diameter of 8 cm. Depending on the variety, they can have a white or violet color.
Rapid growth rates require a large number of nutrients and, accordingly, their high content in the soil. In the Russian climate it is better to choose a warm, wind and draft protected place near the wall or fence for planting. For full growth it is important to provide the plant with the necessary amount of sunlight.
The initial formation includes a garter of young shoots to the pegs, which can be discarded later, when the plant can independently cling to the protrusions and supports.
In order for the liana to bloom, you need to feed it weekly with fertilizers. Otherwise, the Kobei will increase the foliage, but it will not bloom. In the process of fertilizing it is necessary to alternate mineral and organic fertilizers.
Knyazhik siberian: features of cultivation and medicinal properties
The Siberian prince is known to many, in the first place, due to its medicinal properties. It is actively used to treat a variety of tumors. However, this plant has a considerable decorative significance: it is used to decorate fences and walls of buildings.
The unpretentiousness of these plants is impressive, but if you want to create the most suitable conditions for the growth and development of the prince, it is recommended to give preference to sunny or slightly shaded areas protected from strong winds.
You can plant princes in May and September, but you should be extremely careful, since the plant has very fragile roots, which easily break. There are a number of diseases and pests that can harm seedlings. Among them, slugs, which need to be cleaned manually. Damaged branches are recommended to be removed, and for the control of diseases it is necessary to carry out spraying by special means.
Helpful advice! Spraying with a solution of carbofos will help to easily get rid of the mealy worm.
Schizandra Chinese: growing, grooming and keeping rules
Chinese magnolia vine obtained the glory of a finicky and whimsical plant, which is quite difficult to grow in the garden. In fact, this is not so, and in order for your site to adorn unusually beautiful flowers of Schizandra, it is enough to observe several simple conditions and rules that are available to every gardener.
Here are three main principles of growing Schizandra:
- the plant should be kept in the light for at least 8 hours a day, so it is better for him to choose an open area or the southern side of the fence;
- Schizandra reacts negatively to strong and cold winds. This can cause not only his illness or developmental disorder, but even death;
- since it is a climbing plant, it is necessary that there are supports nearby for which it can cling.
After landing, young shoots will also require attention from the owners. This applies to protection from too strong sunlight, regular pruning and shaping of the crown, as well as garters of new lianas. Watering the plant should be frequent and abundant, but only in the evening or at night, so that the sun does not burn the leaves, which hit the water.
Nasturtium: photos and recommendations for caring for the plant
To design fences, most often use tuberous nasturtium, since it is she who has climbing stems, whose length can reach 2 m or more. Blossoms this species for a long time – from June to the end of August.
The procedure for planting nasturtium is standard, and the soil in which the plant can be planted can be almost anything. However, do not fertilize the land too much, especially with organic fertilizers, as this will not exactly help the seedlings. Also note that in the process of growth nasturtium received a sufficient amount of sunlight.
Helpful advice! It is possible to grow nasturtium from seeds. When planting seedlings – not so important. This can be done in April or May. The main thing is that by the time when the heat becomes, the seedlings were ready to be transplanted into the open ground.
In planting and nursing nasturtium does not require too much time and effort. It is enough that the area on which it grows is well lit, or, in extreme cases, was in the penumbra. In the rest the plant can take care of itself independently. The only thing you can do is periodically water the young seedlings for the first time.
White creeper (bryony): how to grow in the garden
White bryony is a perennial herbaceous plant from the family of pumpkin. It is often planted near a fence to give the vines the ability to cling to it and grow up. In order to grow a step in the garden, the seeds should be sown in the fall, under the winter. Do it right in the open ground. In addition, reproduction can occur through self-seeding.
White bryonia grows well both in the sun and in the shade, adapting to different in composition of the soil. For a full-fledged growth and development, moderate watering will not prevent, which, however, should not be excessive. For the time of cold weather, it is recommended to take cover. The plant can be fed: once a month with mineral fertilizers or organic in the process of planting or mulching.
Helpful advice! The main feature of this plant is that it is poisonous. Absolutely all of its parts are not safe, so it is necessary to carefully monitor that children are not in contact with the plant.
White bryony has medicinal properties and is often used in folk medicine. It is used to treat gout, radiculitis and many other diseases.
Ivy Ivy: a description of varieties and features of each species
Garden ivy is an uncouth and very beautiful plant, which, under certain conditions, can decorate the site with beautiful flowers. The plant grows quietly with any amount of sunlight, so that it can be planted both in open areas and on semi-sunspots.
The main threat to garden ivy is frost. Low temperatures can easily kill this plant, so at this time shelter is necessary for him. For the same reason, landing in the open ground is best done in the spring, giving the ivy the opportunity to get stronger and gain strength.
Helpful advice! The first time after planting ivy in the open ground, observe its condition. The first months of growth will not be too active, but it is worthwhile to ensure that the plant does not die.
Another threat to garden ivy is a disease that can manifest itself with various symptoms. For example, the leaves may begin to turn yellow and fall off, fade and lose their natural color. In that case, it is important to correctly identify the cause of the changes and take appropriate measures.
Climbing rose: photos of bushes, tips on care and maintenance
Bushes of a lone rose can grow abundantly, covering their long vines with rather large areas. But, like all other plants, the rose requires certain conditions of maintenance and attention, so before you plant it in the garden, it is recommended to familiarize yourself with the basic rules of the content.
A scrawny rose loves sunlight, however, in order to avoid burns of leaves, it is recommended to choose a place where it can be in the shade for at least 2 hours a day. The south side of the wall or fencing is good for this.
Lack of water is borne by a rose more easily than its excessive amount. It is not necessary to plant seedlings in wetlands where there are stagnant water or groundwater are too close to the surface.
Fertilize the rose best by sprinkling its leaves with a complex fertilizer designed for indoor plants. However, it is not recommended to perform this procedure during the flowering period.
Helpful advice! In order to provide the bushes with the necessary space for development, the distance from the supports or other plants should be at least 50 cm.
Spiraea mountain ash: description and peculiarities of cultivation
Spirea rowanberry is an ornamental plant that has come to us from the far east. This is a fast-growing plant, the height of which only rarely exceeds 2 m, forming, however, quite dense thickets due to the interlacing of the stems.
The rowan-leaf spiraea got its name because of the external similarity of the leaves with rowan. The flowering period begins in July and lasts about a month. In autumn, the leaves get yellow or purple hues, so this shrub serves as a worthy adornment of the garden at any time of the year.
Place for planting is better to choose sunny or semi-darkened. To the soil, the plant is undemanding and able to survive in a wide range of soil acidity, and even carry temporary flooding. At the same time, it tolerates a drought, but responds favorably to irrigation.
Distribution is mainly due to root offspring, which, on the one hand, is good, since it allows the plant to grow well in free territory. But at the same time it requires some control on the part of the owner, if you do not want the bush to occupy more territory than planned.
Beans decorative: unusual types of traditional plants
Beans are used by man for food for many centuries. However, experienced gardeners know that in addition to traditional varieties, there is also a curling decorative bean. Planting and caring for her are simple, but the result is sure to exceed all your expectations, as this simple plant serves as an excellent decoration for any site.
With the correct choice of the landing site and the formation, twisted branches can reach a length of up to 5 m, scrambling to the sun on the provided supports. Decorative beans like an abundance of sunlight, so shaded areas are bad for her growing.
There are several different types of decorative beans, but they are all fast-growing and non-fastidious. But the variety of flowers of different varieties can impress even the most experienced gardener. All that remains to be done is to choose and plant the species that most liked.
Note! The fruits of all kinds of this plant are also decorative and can not be used by humans for food.
Ekkomokarpus: how to plant and grow in the garden
Ekkremokarpus – a plant that is very fond of heat and sunlight, but it requires protection from the wind. Therefore, it is ideal for landing on the south side of a wall or a fence. Since the plants are relatively small, it is sufficient to observe a distance of 30 cm between them.
This plant loves moisture, so it is recommended to water it almost daily. Good growth and abundant flowering are possible only if fertilizers are regularly applied. Depending on the chosen variety, the flowers can have a different color: from yellow-golden to red and even pink.
Helpful advice! Ekkimokarpus not often sick, but it can harm aphids. To avoid this, you can spray the plant with a soap solution or special means designed to fight leaf-eating insects.
Particular attention should be paid to the fruits of this plant, which appear in August and somehow resemble small fruits of pepper. If you want to use seeds to multiply the ekkremokarpusa, then the collected fruits must be suspended in advance in the room, allowing them to ripen in about a month.
Echinocystis: unpretentious vine for fencing
Once echinocystis was brought from North America as an unusual vine, which today has completely mastered the local climate and is often used by gardeners to decorate fences and walls. The plant does not require special growing conditions, it is quite resistant to drought and safely tolerates any humidity of the surrounding air.
This plant belongs to the family of pumpkin and in the people is often called kolocherplodnik. To get all the necessary nutrients, it is enough for him to have garden soil and natural precipitation, although sometimes it can be fed with mineral fertilizers.
Frozen echinocystis is not susceptible, so you do not have to worry about it if the temperature drops below zero on a spring night. The only problem you will have to face if you decide to plant this plant on your site is its uncontrolled spread. To avoid this, it is recommended to collect seeds in advance or to put on the covers the covers made of gauze or polyethylene.
Perennial climbing plants for gazebo
Virtually all the plants considered are excellent not only for the design of fences, but for arbours. Having planted a climbing plant next to the pergola, you will provide it with a support for which it can cling.
In the process of selecting a suitable plant for this purpose, it is very important to pay attention to several factors:
- the location of the arbor: whether there will be enough sunlight on the plant, whether water will stagnate in the root system, how much the wind blows this place, etc .;
- how much dense green wall you want to get. Some plants grow so densely that they practically do not pass sunlight. Others, on the contrary, have rarely located leaves;
- annual or perennial. Some of the above plants can reach the age of 30 years. This should be taken into account before landing. Some gardeners prefer to plant new crops, while others prefer to choose perennials.
The range of climbing plants that can be used to decorate fences and arbors is quite large. Each of the options has its own characteristics and requires different care and growing conditions. But having taken into account all available recommendations, you can select the most suitable plant and arrange with it a fence on your site.